Sproule, Dorothy. “Jeanne Mance: Founder of Hotel Dieu, Montreal.” Montreal in Verse: An Anthology of English Poetry by Montreal Poets. Ed. Writers of the Poetry Group. Montreal; QB: Canadian Authors Association; 1942. 39.
Going through the description of the Ryerson Press Textual Records archive at Ryerson University, I was puzzled to discover references to a number of titles by our authors—many in the Makers of Canadian Literature series—that seem never to have been published. Delving a bit deeper, I discovered a 1985 article by Margery Fee, currently at the University of British Columbia, exploring the history of the Makers of Canadian Literature series, conceptualized and edited by Lorne Pierce. (Margery Fee, “Lorne Pierce, Ryerson Press, and The Makers of Canadian Literature Series,” Papers of The Bibliographical Society of Canada 24.1 (1985): 51-69).
Among other fascinating information, Fee informs us that of the intended forty volume series, only twenty-eight manuscripts were written, and of those only thirteen were ultimately published. She discusses the various business decisions made, and difficulties that faced the project, ultimately resulting in its cessation by the end of 1926, only three years after its inception. From a business point of view, it was a failure. Ryerson Press evidently paid $500 for each title: $400 upon completion and $100 upon publication. This amounts to $6000 for unpublished works in the series, most of which now moulder in the Lorne and Edith Pierce Collection in the archives at Queen’s University in Kingston, ON. As Fee points out, though, despite the seeming failure of this early project, Lorne Pierce’s advocacy of Canadian literature as a distinctive entity is the foundation upon which projects like ours are built.
Fee’s article is meticulously presented, but adding the Ryerson Press Textual Records description to her statistics suggests that at least forty-two titles were intended. To satisfy my own curiosity regarding this apparent anomaly, and to determine which of our authors wrote for the series without being published, I created a chart from the combined resources of the article and the Ryerson Press papers. Here is the result.
Five of our authors were contracted to write titles for this series; three manuscripts were submitted; only Katherine Hale’s biography of Isabella Valancy Crawford was ultimately published. (How significant is it, I wonder, that “Katherine Hale” was the pseudonym of Amelia Beers Warnock Garvin, wife of publisher and literary critic John Garvin, who collaborated somewhat with Lorne Pierce on the project?)
Items found only in the Ryerson Press Textual Records are indicated by an asterisk.*
|Abbé Henri Casgrain||Seraphin Marion||intended but not written|
|Albert Durrant Watson||Margaret Lawrence||intended but not written|
|Antoine Gérin-Lajoie (1925-26)||Louvigny de Montigny||published|
|Archibald Lampman||Duncan Campbell Scott||typeset but not published|
|Arthur Stringer||Grace Blackburn||written but not published|
|Arthur Stringer (1941)||Victor Laurison||co-published by Bobbs-Merrill in the USA; RPTR notes that this volume was by Arthur Stringer himself, “written in part by Victor Laurison”|
|Bliss Carman||Rufus H. Hathaway||intended but not written|
|Charles G.D. Roberts (1925)||James Cappon||published|
|Charles Heavysege||Edmund Kemper Broadus||written but not published|
|Charles Mair||John W. Garvin||written but not published|
|Dean Harris||Thomas O’Hagan||written but not published|
|Dictionary of Canadian Literature||Lorne Pierce, Victor Morin, and Thomas Guthrie Marquis||intended but not written|
|Duncan Campbell Scott*||O. Pelham Edgar||intended but never published|
|E. Pauline Johnson||Ethel T. Raymond||written but not published|
|Etienne Parent||Abbé Camille Roy||intended but not written|
|Fifty Years Retrospect*||Lawrence J. Burpee||intended but never published|
|François Xavier Garneau (1925-26)||Gustave Lanctôt||published|
|George Frederick Cameron||Richard Albert Wilson||written but not published|
|Gilbert Parker||Lorne Pierce||written but not published|
|Isabella Valancy Crawford (1923)||Katherine Hale (ABW Garvin)||published|
|James DeMille||Lawrence J. Burpee||intended but not written|
|John Richardson (1923)||William Renwick Riddell||published|
|Joseph Howe||John D. Logan||written but not published|
|Joseph Howe||Garnet Gladwin Sedgewick||intended but not written|
|Literary Backgrounds: French-Canadian||Victor Morin||intended but not written|
|Literary Backgrounds: Indian||Marius Barbeau||written but not published|
|Literary Backgrounds: The Lakes||William Stewart Wallace||intended but not written|
|Literary Backgrounds: The Maritime Provinces||Ray Palmer Baker||intended but not written|
|Literary Backgrounds: The West||Paul A.W. Wallace||intended but not written|
|Louis Honoré Fréchette*||Blodwen Davis||intended but not written
|Louis Honoré Fréchette (1925)||Henri d’Arles (Henri Beaudré)||published|
|Marjorie Pickthall||Pelham Edgar||intended but not written|
|Norman Duncan||Andrew Macphail||written but not published|
|Octave Crémazie||Pierre Dupuy||intended but not written|
|Peter McArthur (1923)||William Arthur Deacon||published|
|Philippe Aubert de Gaspé||Aegidius Fauteux||intended but not written|
|Ralph Connor||Robert Stead||written but not published|
|Robert Norwood (1923)||Albert Durrant Watson||published|
|Robert Service||Arthur L. Phelps||intended but not written|
|Stephen Leacock (1923)||Peter McArthur||published|
|The Strickland Sisters||Lorne Pierce||written but not published|
|Thomas Chandler Haliburton (1925)||John D. Logan||published|
|William Henry Drummond (1925)||John Ford MacDonald||published|
|William Kirby (1923)||William Renwick Riddell||published|
|William Wilfred Campbell||Thomas Guthrie Marquis||published|
|Victor Morin||contracted as associate editor for the French collection|
Moffat, Gertrude MacGregor. “The Ghost.” A Book of Verse (Toronto: Macmillan, 1924): 17.
Haight, Jennie. E. “Rest.” Selections from Canadian Poets: With Occasional Critical and Biographical Notes, and an Introductory Essay on Canadian Poetry. Ed. Edward Hartley Dewart (Montreal: Lovell, 1864).
We don’t know very much about Jennie Haight, but she is also included in Edward Dewart’s Canadian Speaker and Elocutionary Reader (Toronto: Miller, 1868) as well as a number of magazines across Canada. Our notes record that she “appeared in nearly every newspaper in Canada,” but we’re still searching for verification of this. We do know she was a correspondent for The Boston Olive Branch and published in the Maple Leaf magazine (Toronto), but any further information would be welcome.
Roddick, Amy Redpath. “Redpath Crescent.” Montreal in Verse: An Anthology of English Poetry by Montreal Poets. Ed. Writers of the Poetry Group (Montreal; QB: Canadian Authors Association; 1942) 37.
Redpath Crescent is, not surprisingly, the neighbourhood in which Amy Redpath grew up. The fortunes of the Redpaths, one of the ore affluent families in Montreal in their time, was sugar: even today, Redpath Sugar can be found in cupboards across the country. If you care to search a bit, you can find stories and images of the extended Redpath family scattered about the internet, most notably on McCord Museum’s website. Of interest is that three of our authors are related through the Redpaths: Amy was the daughter of John Redpath Jr; Lily Dougall was the daughter of his sister Elizabeth Redpath; and Amy and Lily’s cousin William married author Beatrice Constance Peterson.
Here is McCord’s photo of John Redpath’s house, c1880 (© McCord Museum, II-338494.0.1); John Redpath, founder of the sugar empire, was Amy’s grandfather.
The Montreal in Pictures website devotes some space to Redpath Crescent, which is still “an enclave of large (and expensive) mansions.”