Simpson, Kate B. “Rough Ben: An Incident of the North-West Rebellion.” Songs of the Great Dominion. Ed. William Douw Lighthall.1st ed. London: Scott; Toronto: Gage, 1889. 136-41.
Simpson Hayes, Kate. “Riel.” 1895. Canadian Poetry: From the Beginnings through the First World War. Comps. Carole Gerson and Gwendolyn Davies. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1994. 312-13.
A longer poem today, and an extra:”Rough Ben” was published in WD Lighthall’s Songs of the Great Dominion in 1889 (reissued in 1892); “Riel” is from Simpson Hayes’s Prairie Pot-Pourri (1895) and has been republished as recently as Gerson and Davies’s Canadian Poetry in 1994. These are poems that could spark discussion in a literary history class, “Rough Ben” taking as it does a completely social and emotional perspective connected with a pivotal moment in Canadian history: The Northwest Rebellion of 1885. Unlike more commonly reproduced poems which focus on Riel (Agnes Maule Machar’s “Quebec to Ontario” , for instance) or the Native perspective (E. Pauline Johnson’s “Cry from an Indian Wife” ), “Rough Bill” is less political. Kate Simpson later wrote another poem, “Riel” (1895) that counters Machar and Johnson’s more compassionate response to the rebellion; coupled with the Anglo-centric perspective of “Rough Ben,” it becomes obvious on which side her sympathies lay. Note also, though, that Machar and Johnson wrote contemporaneously with the incident (1885); Simpson Hayes’s poems were published at least 4 years later (1889 and 1895).